Acetazolamide can be used to avoid and lower the the signs of altitude sickness. This medication can decrease headache, tiredness, nausea, dizziness, and difficulty breathing that may occur whenever you climb quickly to high altitudes (generally above 10,000 feet/3,048 meters). It is particularly valuable in situations when you cannot come up with a slow ascent. The best ways to stop altitude sickness are climbing slowly, stopping for 24 hours throughout the climb to allow your body to adjust to the newest height, and taking it easy the 1st 1 to 2 days.
This drug can be used with other medications to treat a particular sort of eye problem (open-angle glaucoma). Acetazolamide can be a "water pill" (diuretic). It decreases how much fluid that will build-up inside eye. It is also used to decrease an accumulation of body fluids (edema) brought on by congestive heart failure or certain medications. Acetazolamide can work less approximately time, therefore it is usually used limited to a short period.
It has been used in combination with other medications to deal with some kinds of seizures (petit mal and unlocalized seizures).
If you adopt the tablets, take this medication by mouth, usually 1 to four times daily or as directed because of your doctor. If you adopt the long-acting capsules, take this medication by mouth, usually a couple of times daily or as directed by your doctor. Swallow the long-acting capsules whole. Do not open, break, or chew the capsules. Doing so can destroy the long action from the drug and may increase unwanted side effects.
Acetazolamide could be taken with or without food. Drink lots of fluids unless otherwise directed through your doctor. Your dosage is dependant on your problem and a reaction to therapy.
To prevent altitude sickness, begin to take acetazolamide 1 or 2 days prior to starting to climb. Continue taking it while you are climbing and then for at least a couple of days after you have reached one last altitude. You ought to continue taking this medication while residing at the high altitude to manipulate your symptoms. If you develop severe altitude sickness, it is crucial that you climb down as quickly as possible. Acetazolamide won't protect you from the serious outcomes of severe altitude sickness. (See also Precautions.)
If you adopt this drug for another condition (e.g., glaucoma, seizures), use this medication regularly as directed to make the most benefit from it. To allow you to remember, get it simultaneously(s) daily. Taking your last dose within the early evening may help keep you from having to wake up in the middle in the night to urinate. Consult your medical professional or pharmacist if you have queries about your dosing schedule.
Do not increase or decrease your dose or stop using this medication without first consulting your medical professional. Some conditions may become worse when this drug is suddenly stopped. Your dose might need to be gradually decreased.
When useful for a long period, medicines may well not be well and may require different dosing. Your doctor will be monitoring your condition. Tell a medical expert if your complaint will not improve or whether or not this worsens (e.g., more frequent seizures).
This drug may decrease the potassium levels within your blood. Your doctor may recommend that consume foods abundant with potassium (e.g., bananas or orange juice) while you're taking prescription drugs. Your doctor might also prescribe a potassium supplement that you can take during treatment. Consult your medical professional for more info.
Dizziness, lightheadedness, or increased urination may occur, especially through the first couple of days as the body adjusts towards the medication. Blurred vision, dry mouth, drowsiness, loss in appetite, stomach upset, headache and tiredness might also occur. If some of these symptoms persist or worsen, notify a medical expert or pharmacist.
Remember that a medical expert has prescribed this medication while he or she's got judged the profit to you is higher than the chance of unwanted effects. Many people using medicines don't have serious negative effects.
Tell your physician right away if all of these most unlikely but serious unwanted effects occur: increased body hair, hearing loss, ringing within the ears, unusual tiredness, persistent nausea/vomiting, severe stomach/abdominal pain.
Seek immediate medical assistance if some of these unlikely but grave negative effects occur: easy bleeding/bruising, fast/irregular heartbeat, indications of infection (e.g., fever, persistent sore throat), mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), severe muscle cramps/pain, tingling in the hands/feet, blood inside the urine, dark urine, painful urination, yellowing of the eyes/skin.
A serious hypersensitivity to the drug is not likely, but seek immediate medical assistance whether it occurs. Symptoms of a serious hypersensitivity may include: blisters/sores within the mouth, rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete set of possible unwanted effects. If you notice other effects unpublished above, contact your medical professional or pharmacist.
In the US -
Call your physician for health advice about negative effects. You may report unwanted effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about negative effects. You may report negative effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking acetazolamide, tell a medical expert or pharmacist should you be allergic into it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergies and other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for additional information.
This medication really should not be used when you have certain medical conditions. Before by using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist in case you have: adrenal gland problems (e.g., Addison's disease), low blood numbers of sodium or potassium, severe kidney disease, severe liver disease (e.g., cirrhosis), certain metabolic problems (e.g., hyperchloremic acidosis).
Before using this medication, tell your medical professional or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (e.g., emphysema, chronic bronchitis), high degrees of calcium, dehydration, diabetes mellitus, gout, narrow-angle glaucoma, overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).
While medicines may help you get utilized to high altitudes and enable you to tolerate quick climbs, it wouldn't completely prevent serious altitude sickness. Symptoms of serious altitude sickness may include: severe breathlessness, mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), deficiency of coordination/staggering walk, extreme tiredness, severe headache.
If you develop any of these symptoms, it is vital that you simply descend with a lower altitude immediately to prevent serious, possibly fatal problems.
This drug will make you dizzy or drowsy or blur your vision. Alcohol or marijuana can make you more dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that really needs alertness or clear vision and soon you are capable of doing it safely. Limit alcohol based drinks. Talk to a medical expert should you be using marijuana.
To minimize dizziness and lightheadedness, wake up slowly when rising from the seated or lying position.
This drug may rarely make your blood glucose levels rise, which may cause or worsen diabetes. Tell a medical expert without delay when you have the signs of high blood glucose levels for example increased thirst/urination.
If you already possess diabetes, look at the blood glucose regularly as directed and share the outcomes with your doctor. This medication could also lessen your blood glucose. Symptoms of low blood sugar include sudden sweating, shaking, fast heartbeat, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness or tingling hands/feet. It is a good habit to handle glucose tablets or gel to deal with low blood sugar levels. If you don't have these reliable kinds of glucose, rapidly increase your blood glucose by eating a quick source of sugar like table sugar, honey, or candy, or by drinking a glass of orange juice or non-diet soda. Tell your doctor straight away concerning the reaction and also the using this device. To help prevent low blood sugar levels, eat meals on the regular schedule, and never skip meals.
This medication will make you more sensitive towards the sun. Limit your time and efforts inside the sun. Avoid tanning booths and sunlamps. Use sunscreen and wear protective clothing when outdoors. Tell your medical professional immediately when you get sunburned or have skin blisters/redness.
This medication really should not be utilized in children under 12 given it may affect normal growth.
This medication needs to be used in combination with caution inside elderly simply because they may be more understanding of its negative effects, especially low potassium or sodium levels.
This medication needs to be used during pregnancy provided that clearly needed. Discuss the hazards and benefits with your doctor.
This medication passes into breast milk but is unlikely to harm a nursing infant. Consult your physician before breast-feeding.
Airmail: 2-3 business weeks
EMS: 3-8 business days
Airmail: 2-3 weeks, EMS: 3-8 business days.